The most frequent violation of Anti-Doping rules is the presence of a Prohibited Substance or its Metabolites or its Markers in an athlete´s bodily specimen. This violation can be proven by testing and analyzing the athlete´s bodily specimen. Therefore is athlete testing, or doping control, an essential programme in both promoting and protecting doping-free sport.
The information and the materials shown in this booklet are meant to serve as a guide to the urine sample collection process.
Athletes who compete at the international and national level may be tested anytime, anywhere. The test can be conducted at a competition or away from a competition situation, such as at an athlete's home or training venue, with no advance notice. Urine and/or blood may be collected. Specially trained and accredited doping control personnel carry out all tests.
The selection of athletes is based on the requirements of the responsible Anti-Doping Organisation (ADO). The selection may occur in three ways: random, based on established criteria (e.g. finishing position), or targeted.
Worldwide doping controls are carried out in accordance with the World Anti-Doping Code and the International Standard for Testing, developed by WADA in consultation with its stakeholders.
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