FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions)
Why is it important to combat doping in sport?
Doping is one of the most important and difficult problems confronting sports today.
Doping threatens athlete health. In most cases, the substances/methods abused in doping have not been tested or approved for use by healthy individuals. Often, the substances/methods used for doping have not yet been determined safe enough for therapeutic use.
Doping also threatens the integrity of sport. Doping, the use of artificial enhancements to gain an advantage over others in competition, is cheating and is fundamentally contrary to the spirit of sport. Further, doping robs athletes who play by the rules of their right to competition that is safe and fair.
Doping affects not just top athletes, but youths influenced by what the stars do. It is a growing problem of public health proportion that cannot be ignored by any country or any sport.
Only by taking a concerted and comprehensive approach to fight against doping in sport is it possible to protect the integrity of sport and the health of athletes and youth worldwide.
What is the main goal of the Czech Anti-Doping Committee (CADC)?
CADC ensures the anti-doping program of the Czech Republic. It consists of conducting doping controls, providing analysis of collected samples in doping control laboratories, issuing educational programs and organizing educational and proposing legislative provisions to support the fight against doping.
What is strict liability?
The principle of strict liability is applied in situations where urine/blood samples collected from an athlete have produced adverse analytical results. It means that each athlete is strictly liable for the substances found in his or her bodily specimen, and that an anti-doping rule violation occurs whenever a prohibited substance (or its metabolites or markers) is found in bodily specimen, whether or not the athlete intentionally or unintentionally used a prohibited substance or was negligent or otherwise at fault.
What kind of a sancion could be applied for a doping?
The standard/normative sanction for a first doping violation is two years, and a second violation calls for a lifetime sanction.
That standard for sanctions (two years and lifetime) can be lessened or enhanced based on several factors relating to the particular case, including the type of doping violation, the circumstances of the individual case, the substance in case of the detection of a prohibited substance and repetition of an anti-doping rule violation.
What if the only medication to treat my medical condition contains a prohibited substance?
The World Anti-Doping Code recognizes the right of athletes to the best possible treatment for any medical condition. If you are in need of medication, please contact your international federation or your national anti-doping agency to find out more about the criteria and procedures to apply for a therapeutic use exemption (TUE). More information on the TUE process can be found on the WADA website at www.wada-ama.org or at our webside www.antidoping.cz. Before applying for a TUE, it is recommended that you consult your doctor to consider possible alternative treatment, which do not involve the use of a prohibited substance or method. If such an altenative treatment exists, your TUE request will likely be denied and the whole process can only delay your recovery.
What should I do if I get sick while travelling in a foreign country?
Medications are usually commercialized under different names in different countries, and even if they have the same brand names, they may also have different composition in order to respect each country´s laws on availability of certain substances. In one country, one product may be safe to take from an anti-doping perspective, while in another country the product sold under the same name may contain a prohibited substance. Before using medications purchased in a foreign country, it is best to consult your team doctor, try to contact the national anti-doping agency in the country that you are visiting, or contact your own national anti-doping agency to ask for advice on what to do. As a last resort, you can bring the Prohibited List to a pharmacy and consult the list of ingredients with the pharmacist on duty to ensure that the product you intend to take does not contain prohibited substances.
Should I worry about creams, eye drops and other medications which I do not need to swallow?
You certainly should. Prohibited substances come in different forms and shapes and they may enter your body in different ways: by contact with your skin, by inhalation, by contact with a mucus membrane. Any medication applied to your body will likely enter your system to act in the way that is intended (reduce inflammation, relieve pain, kill bacteria, etc.), and be present in your blood before eventually being eliminated by the kidneys and turn up in your urine.
What about homeopathic products, alternative medicine or nutritional supplements?
As is the case for nutritional supplements, in some countries homeopathic products, herbal remedies and other alternative medicinal products are not subjected to the same quality control requirements as pharmaceutical products. Therefore improper labeling, poor manufacturing practices and contaminations can cause prohibited substances to be present without the consumer knowing. Homeopatics products are usually very low in concetration of active substances, however since the label usually does not specify ingredients by chemical substances but rather by origin (name of plant or animal it is extracts from), it is difficult for anyone to determine whether a prohibited substance may be present.
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